DELIBES (LÉO)

Léo Delibes, French composer (1836 - 1891)

Clément Philibert Léo Delibes was born on February 21, 1836 in Saint-Germain du Val (Sarthe). His father, a postman, died when he was only eleven years old. His mother, Élisabeth Batiste, belongs to a family of musicians. When her husband died, she moved to Paris. His mother and her half-brother Antoine-Édouard Batiste (1820-1876), organist at the Saint-Nicolas-des-Champs church in Paris, who taught him music.  

Being an excellent singer, the young Leo entered the Conservatoire de Paris at the age of twelve, where he obtained a first music theory prize in two years. He also studied piano, organ and composition there, under the direction of François Benoît (1794-1878), Adolphe Adam (1803-1856) and François Bazin (1816-1878).  

From 1853, he was organist at Saint-Pierre de Chaillot and coach-accompanist at the Théâtre-Lyrique (destroyed in 1860 by Hausmann to establish Place de la République). He, then, met Jules Verne, himself the author of opera-comic librettos, who was its secretary until 1855.  

Léo Delibes begins to write for the stage. His first opera-buffa "Deux sous de charbon" was created in 1856 and was regularly performed until 1870. During this period, he composed around fifteen works, including the Omelette à la Follembûche (1859) in a libretto Eugène Labiche and Marc Michel, the Musicians of the Orchestra (1861), The court of king Pétaud (1869). In 1865, he became second choir director of the Paris Opera and was asked to write ballet music. La source (1866), Coppélia (1870), Sylvia (1876) gave him fame. His music was then applauded as much in concert halls as in theaters.  

Léo Delibes left his duties as organist and choirmaster in 1871 to devote himself entirely to composition.   Professor of composition at the Conservatoire de Paris from 1881, after Napoleon-Henri Reber (1807-1880), it is with Lakmé, opera in three acts according to a short story by Pierre Loti, premiered on April 14, 1883, that it reaches an international audience never denied today. The air des clochettes remains an essential partition of the program of the colorature sopranos and the duo des fleurs (for soprano and mezzo) is regularly performed in concert.  

The music of Léo Delibes with great melodic and harmonic fluidity is often considered easy to approach. Having never sought to be a "revolutionary", the composer reflects the Parisian musical life of his time, light and elegant.  

Léo Delibes died on January 16, 1891 in Paris, leaving the Kassya opera unfinished, completed and orchestrated by Jules Massenet (1842-1912) and premiered two years later at the Opéra-Comique de Paris. He is buried in the Montmartre cemetery, in the same section as Jacques Offenbach, Louis Niedermeyer and Théodore Dubois.

DELIBES (LÉO)

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L. DELIBES

Restitution from the original manuscript (dated February 1888) by Léo Delibes. This score was also published under the title "A Notre-Dame du Chêne" by Vion in Sarthe. Some measures are to be sung by 3 women voices. The organ (or harmonium)...

€1.71

L. DELIBES

Restitution from the original manuscript of Léo Delibes. The text is representative of the second half of the 19th century by its moral and "educational" aspect was set to music by several composers. The version for 4 mixed voices has so far...

€1.71

L. DELIBES

Restitution from the Léo Delibes's original manuscript. Philippe GILLE (1831-1901), journalist, essayist and librettist collaborated with Léo Delibes among others for the libretto of the opera LAKMÉ. Its text is representative of the poetry,...

€1.71

L. DELIBES

In line with Offenbach's operettas, this "omelet round" presents a cooking recipe that is as absurd as it is indigestible. The style is offset, cheerful and full of humor. Léo Delibes was only 23 years old when he composed L'OMELETTE A LA...

€6.16

Cl. DEBUSSY

MeF 859 - Claude Debussy: Two songs of Charles d'Orléans (1898 version). Claude Debussy's (1862-1918) "Deux Chansons de Charles d'Orléans" composed in April 1898, foreshadows the famous "Trois Chansons" that were to be published in 1908. If this...

€6.16

Present 02

In an elegant presentation-folder : Leo Delibes : L'omelette à la Follembuche MEF931 André Campra : Missa Ad Majorem Dei Gloriam MEF1744 Natalya Raykher : Bizetissimo ! MEF939 Two bookmarks One pencil eraser Gift 01: For drinking and...

€18.96

Present 01

In an elegant presentation-folder : O genty, joly verre (baroque drinking songs) MeF 330 Leo Delibes : L'omelette à la Follembuche MEF931 Natalia Raykher : Bizetissimo ! MEF939 Two bookmarks One pencil eraser Gift 01: For drinking and...

€18.96