FAURÉ (GABRIEL)

Gabriel Fauré (1845-1924), composer, pianist, organist

  • Student of Camille Saint-Saëns at the Niedermeyer School, professor of composition then director at the Paris Conservatory of Music, melodist of Paul Verlaine and Albert Samain, Fauré was one of the great French musicians of the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the Twentieth century. He greatly contributed to the development and prestige of French music.
  • Gabriel Fauré was born in Pamiers (Ariège) on May 12, 1845 where his father was a teacher. In 1854 he obtained a scholarship and went to Paris to study at the Niedermeyer School, an establishment which trained church organists, choirmasters and chapel masters.
  • His masters are leading musicians: Louis Dietsch, Gustave Lefèvre and Camille Saint-Saëns with whom he remains linked for more than sixty years. At the age of nineteen, in 1865, Fauré obtained the first prize for composition from the Niedermeyer School with the Canticle of Jean Racine. After eleven years of study, he was appointed organist at the Saint-Sauveur church in Rennes (1866 - 1870).
  • During the siege of Paris in 1870, Fauré undertook to fight. During the Commune, he taught at the Niedermeyer School moved to Switzerland. Returning to Paris in October 1871, he was appointed choir organist at Saint-Sulpice church. and meets the main Parisian musicians of the time in the salons of Camille Saint-Saëns and Pauline Viardot, where he falls in love with his daughter Marianne.
    In order to promote French music and organize concerts for young composers, he founded with Camille Saint-Saëns, César Franck, Jules Massenet and Henri Duparc, the Société Nationale de Musique.
  • Fauré replaces Saint-Saëns, regularly absent from the Madeleine church. He was appointed choirmaster in 1877. After the great disappointment following the breakup with Marianne Viardot, Fauré traveled to Weimar where he met Liszt and then to Bayreuth to hear Wagner's Tetralogy (1882). In 1883, Fauré married Marie Frémiet, daughter of the sculptor Emmanuel Frémiet. Two sons will be born from this union. Her only income comes from her organ work and piano lessons. However, he did not abandon the composition. Thus were born Three Romances Without Words and other works for piano. The piano is Gabriel Fauré's favorite instrument, an ideal medium for his style, a mixture of elegance and refinement.  Throughout his career, Fauré follows the model of Chopin, a simple, stripped-down and sober musical language without departing from nuances and subtleties.  
  • From 1886, Fauré found his patron, "his King of Bavaria", in the Countess Greffulhequi who associated him with the creation of the Société des grands auditions musicales (1890). He dedicates the famous Pavane to him (at his request, Fauré adds a part for choir on a text by Robert de Montesquiou).  
  • Marked by the death of his mother, two years after that of his father, Fauré completed the composition of the Mass of Requiem in D minor, op. 48. Created on January 16, 1888 in the Madeleine church in Paris, the Requiem will be completed and revised in a version known as 1893.  
  • For Charles Gounod's funeral, October 26, 1893, Gabriel Fauré conducts the master's while Camille Saint-Saëns holds the large organ. Later, at the funeral of Paul Verlaine (January 1896), Fauré was at the great organ. On June 2, 1896, he succeeded Théodore Dubois as titular of the great organ of the Madeleine. The same year, Gabriel Fauré was appointed professor of composition at the Paris Conservatory, succeeding Massenet. His pupils are Florent Schmitt, Charles Koechlin, Georges Enesco, Maurice Ravel, Nadia Boulanger, Louis Aubert, Roger-Ducasse, Paul Ladmirault, Émile Vuillermoz.
  • From 1903 to 1921, Fauré was a music critic at Le Figaro. In 1905, he succeeded Théodore Dubois as director of the Paris Conservatory. Authoritarian, he made many changes, restored discipline and earned a reputation for intransigence.  After several failures Fauré, supported by the Countess Greffulhe, was elected to the Institut de France (1909). He broke with the National Music Society.  
  • Suffering from painful deafness since 1903, he was forced in 1920, at the age of 75, to retire from the Conservatoire. It is decorated with the Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor, a plutarian distinction for a musician. Despite his poor health, he remained attentive to young composers, in particular the members of the group of Six (Georges Auric, Louis Durey, Arthur Honegger, Darius Milhaud, Francis Poulenc and Germaine Tailleferre) who refused Wagnerism.  
  • Gabriel Fauré died of pneumonia in Paris on November 4, 1924 at the age of 79. National funerals are celebrated in the Madeleine church. His Requiem is played there.  He rests in Paris in the Passy cemetery, not far from Messager and Debussy.  
  • © Didier Chagnas

FAURÉ (GABRIEL)

FAURÉ (GABRIEL) There are 6 products.

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G. FAURE

One of the rare compositions by Gabriel Fauré where he is also the author of the text. This score can be sung either as a duet of women voices / men voices, or by two equal women voices.

€1.71

G. FAURE

This short piece for 3 male voices with organ accompaniment composed by Gabriel Fauré is exceptional in more ways than one. First of all, it is a posthumous work discovered some 30 years after the death of Fauré. In addition, it was composed when...

€1.71

G. FAURE

This work is originally written for 3 male voices and organ. Here it is transposed for 3 mixed voices to allow you to appreciate the already asserted style of Gabriel Fauré, when he was only 24 years old when he wrote it. The original version...

€1.71

16 DUETS

A set of 16 duets to be sung either by soloists or small choirs, from different composers and styles. Nicolas Renier : De tous les cris (S-B) Marc-Antoine Charpentier : Domine fac salvum (S-A + B.C.) Elisabeth Jacquet de la Guerre : Printemps (S-A...

€9.00

G. FAURE

This arrangement is an adaptation of the organ accompaniment written by Gabriel Faure for this famous traditional carol. Simple and peaceful, it is easily sung by any choir planning a Christmas concert. More about Gabriel Fauré

€1.71