AZZAIOLO (FILIPPO)

  • Filippo Azzaiolo, a 16th-century Italian composer and singer born in Bologna in northern Italy, is known as (one of the greatest) villotta composers. 
  • The "villotta", polyphonic song of simple form mainly for four voices, appeared in Frioul in the middle of the 15th century. Villottas resumed the origin of dance music with a lively rhythm. Composed in the regional street dialect, on texts of popular inspiration and often hedonistic, they spread quickly in Veneto and throughout northern Italy.
  • Three Azzaiolo villottas books were published in Venice by Antonio Gardano. The collection entitled "Villotte del fiore" alla padovana brings together villottas d'Azzaiolo and compositions by other authors, notably "Seven Napoletane with four voices". The first two books (1557 and 1559) are anonymous, only the third is published under the name of Azzaiolo in 1569.

  • The "villotte del flori" pleased by their ease and their dancing character. This musical form played an important role in the evolution of secular vocal music of the Renaissance and heralds the madrigal.
  • The music of Filippo Azzaiolo has gone far beyond the borders of his country. The villotta "Chi passa per 'sta strada" for voice, lutes and violins has been adapted by many composers including William Byrd.
  • © Didier Chagnas
AZZAIOLO (FILIPPO)