MOZART (WOLFGANG AMADEUS)

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791), Austrian composer born in Salzburg is Leopold Mozart's son, violinist and composer.
  • From the age of three, Mozart reveals exceptional gifts for music. At six, Wolfgang composed his first minuet. He masters the violin and the harpsichord, and soon the organ. From 1763 to 1766, Leopold organized a tour of Europe to "show" his children. The Mozart family stayed in Paris for six months. In 1767, they moved to Vienna where they stayed until January 1769. Then, back in Salzburg, Wolfgang became konzertmeister (first violin) at court. He is 14 years old ! From this period (1770-1774) date the "Salzburg" symphonies.
  • Baron Tobias Philipp von Gebler, Vice-Chancellor of the Bohemian Court, commissioned 18-year-old Mozart to provide music to accompany the Masonic drama "Thamos, King of Egypt", of which he is the author. The opera was premiered in Vienna in 1774. In 1775 “La Finta Giardiniera” (The Pretend Garden-Girl), was created in Munich. The same year, Mozart wrote in six months Il Re Pastore (The Shepherd King), commissioned by the Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg. The premiere takes place in Salzburg at the Archbishop's palace.
  • More and more, Mozart creates and asserts his own musical style. A new journey begins. His mother Anna Maria accompanies him. She died in July 1778 in Paris. By order of his father, Wolfgang returns to Salzburg. In 1779, he was reinstated as Konzertmeister, organist of the Prince Archbishop and the cathedral. On January 29, 1781, "Idomeneo, re di Creta" (Idomeneo, King of Crete) was created for the Munich carnival. Mozart attends his triumph. • Shortly after, he moved to Vienna for the last ten years of his life. He realizes his dream and composes an opera in German. "The Abduction from the Seraglio" was a great success when it was created on July 16, 1782.
  • On August 4, 1782, Wolfgang Amadeus married Constanze Weber, belonging to a musician family, at St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna. Mozart produces a lot and gives the couple a certain ease. They have six children, (only two will survive).
  • Wolfgang writes “The Marriage of Figaro” on a libretto written by Da Ponte after Beaumarchais. The first performance, on May 1, 1786 in Vienna, was a triumph. Then Wolfgang went to Prague, the capital of Bohemia, where he was celebrated and acclaimed. "Le Nozze" encounters a great success. "Don Giovanni" was premiered on October 29, 1787 at the National Theater in Prague.
  • Wolfgang continues to write but is no longer in fashion. The first performance of "The Magic Flute", a Singspiel, took place on September 30, 1791, in a new theater on the outskirts of Vienna.
  • Wolgang died on December 5, 1791 in Vienna at the age of 35, leaving his Requiem unfinished. His body is put in mass grave.
  • With more than 600 works, Mozart remains one of the greatest composers of all time. No other in the history of music has made a such impression in all the musical genres of his time like him.
  • © Didier Chagnas
MOZART (WOLFGANG AMADEUS)